At your farm you can plant popalar or cloned eucalyptus.you can ask your local forestery department to provide you with the saplings. they are generally planted in rainy season or winters. They take almost 5-6 years to attain maturity and can be sold with huge profits.
You can keep the distance and can grow crops under them. crop yield will be 15-20% less then normal.
think, people in north are using “cloned poplars and eucalyptuses” at farm boundary which is earning them some money, please check the newshttp://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2012-11-11/news/35034149_1_indian-farmers-crop-marginal-farmers
Also, you can read more information for agro forestry at
1. Illustrations of agroforestry – In arid western Rajasthan, farmers protect khejri (Prosopis cineraria) and bordi (Zizyphus spp.) trees to increase soil productivity and land sustainability. These trees recycle nutrients and provide mulch and shade for crops, and fodder for cattle, and thus complement farm production. Prosopis cineraria is a multi-purpose tree, providing fodder, mulch and even food (its leaves are eaten). Every part of this tree is used by the farmers. It is planted both on field boundaries and in the fields itself. Apart from improving soil fertility, the tree also binds the soil, decreases the velocity of hot summer winds, and provides shade to livestock and birds in the summer months.
2. Celtis australis and Morus serrata are other farm trees in the hills (Tejwani 1988). These are raised primarily for fodder, but also provide small timber for making tools and fuelwood. As animal dung is the primary source of manure in the hills, making fodder available for cattle is an important economic activity, done by women. The average number of trees per household, between 16 and 30 (Saxena 1987), is not sufficient for meeting family’s requirement, forcing women to collect fodder and fuel from forests. Srivastava (1982), an ex-IG of Forests estimates that field boundary trees in the hills of Central Himalayas do not even meet half the demand of fuel and fodder of the household, which keeps pressure on government forests.
More information at http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/articles/ncsxna/index.php?repts=agro.htm
pleasure suggest the same for madhya pradesh location , where temperature in summer reached about 46 degree celcius the crops taken from farm is wheat, soyabean, chanaa.
i tested the soil of the farm at testing laborateries too. the reports have come with result of good quality soil. All the neutrition value in soil like NPK and other are well ratioed. now the water is also the problem at our farm. we can get only 3 (or say upto 4) hrs water from well for 15 Acre Farm land. Can we proceed for some another crops instead of above three )03) mentioned.
commented by piyush.sees
Hi, for sorting water problem you may need to arrange drip lines or use some water storage system.
commented by Green Ecosystem